What Is Beta-Myrcene? Uses, Effects and Benefits

Although myrcene has shown potential to be used as medical treatment, research is still limited.

Lemongrass laying across a wooden table iStock / kao_ien

Beta-myrcene (b-myrcene) is a naturally occurring compound found in the cannabis plant. However, it isn’t limited to just cannabis: it’s also prevalent in many plants including hops, basil, lemongrass, mangos, and verbena. It’s commonly used in the perfume industry due to its fruity fragrance.

As a cannabis smoker, you likely already know that different strains of cannabis affect your brain differently – but what is actually in cannabis that makes each strain differ? One of the biggest contributors to how cannabis affects the brain is through terpenes, an organic compound produced by plants. Paired up alongside cannabinoids, each unique combination of terpenes is what contributes to the scent, flavor profile, and effect of each cannabis strain. Each distinct effect is achieved when these compounds interact with our CB1 and CB2 receptors in our brains.

Despite the fact that cannabis has been shown to have medical benefits, research on the effects of cannabis been limited. This is likely due to legality issues surrounding the marijuana plant because it is still classified as a controlled substance and is federally illegal. However, research on individual terpenes and cannabinoids have begun to emerge and provide us with some promising results for the future possibilities of using terpenes as a therapeutic treatment. Let’s take a look at some of the research behind the uses, effects, and benefits of myrcene.

Three ripe mangos on a tree.

iStock / Khonte Abejuela

Anti-Inflammatory

In a search for a treatment for Osteoarthritis (a progressive joint disease), researchers tested a few terpenes such as caryophyllene, limonene, and myrcene. Published in the European Journal of Pharmacology, researchers concluded that, “[The] data show that myrcene has significant anti-inflammatory and anti-catabolic effects in human chondrocytes and, thus, its ability to halt or, at least, slow down cartilage destruction and osteoarthritis progression warrants further investigation.”

In simple terms, myrcene did prove to be effective in preventing inflammation and therefore has the potential to be used as a medical treatment for Osteoarthritis. This is an encouraging first step down the path of fully understanding the medical possibilities associated with terpenes and other natural remedies.

Pain Management

Published in the Journal of Pharmacology & Pharmacy, researchers isolated myrcene from lemongrass oil and tested its effects on mice using the hot plate test. The study concluded that myrcene was able to induce antinociception in the test group, which means it helped to block the sensory neurons that are responsible for feeling pain.

Human joints with pain rings. Arthritis and rheumatism infographic. Medical app vector buttons. Disease in joint bone, knee, leg and hand illustration

IStock / MicrovOne

Also using the hot plate test on mice, researchers in another study also found similar results. Published in the Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, it was found that “ß-Myrcene, although representing only a small percentage (2.2%) of the weight of the EOCz, has been documented to be a potent antinociceptive agent.”

The above research could explain why some strains high in myrcene are commonly used to treat pain. However, until research emerges on the effects of smoking cannabis strains high in myrcene, we won’t know for sure. The existing terpene research was found when mice were either injected with or fed isolated myrcene, which does not accurately compare to smoking cannabis strains high in myrcene.

Conclusion

Although research on the effects of smoking cannabis strains high in myrcene is absent, the adolescent research on the medicinal value of terpenes shows hopeful results. As more research emerges on the subject, we will understand more concretely how each terpene and cannabinoids affect our bodies and brains.

Farmer growing hemp and checking plants growth, agriculture and environment concept

iStock / demaerre

Strains High in Myrcene

Budding research shows that myrcene extract produces sedative effects in mice. Strait from the Wikileaf database, try one of the following strains if would like to see what smoking cannabis strains high in myrcene will do to you!

Mango Kush

For most users, this strain kicks in immediately, producing both a strong body stone and euphoria. Many also find that this strain makes them more open and talkative. Occasionally, it can cause ‘the giggles,’ especially with higher doses or first-time use.

Mango Kush‘s effects typically last for one to two hours. It is a classic ‘munchies’ strain, and many patients use it to calm nausea and induce appetite. This strain also causes drowsiness, usually starting halfway through the duration of its effects. Negative effects may include the usual cotton mouth, dry eyes, paranoia, dizziness, and anxiety.

Blackberry Kush

This strain provides a powerful euphoric feeling of happiness and an elevated mood. Users often report feeling a heavy onset of the munchies to boot. Apart from the bloodshot eyes and dry mouth users of Blackberry Kush have also experienced dizziness, headaches and occasionally anxiety.

The Indica properties of Blackberry Kush make it a top choice by many people suffering from insomnia and chronic pain. It is those same Indica effects that also make the strain good for night time use. It is also heavily prescribed for those dealing with disorders affecting their ability to cope with stress,

healthy fresh mixed fruits on white wooden table

IStock / SherSor

U Pink Kush

Originally named for the pink hairs it can display on mature green buds, Dr. Underground chose the ten best examples of Pink Kush from a larger selection and left them out for open pollination between them. Their goal was to keep some of the variances of the strain without losing any quality.

Being almost entirely indica, U Pink Kush grants users a body numbing experience that can relax the mind. Great for pain relief, this strain can cause users to feel tired, lazy and hungry meaning it should be used later in the day.

Blue Dream

One of the most popular strains, Blue Dream’s high is all the best parts of its parentage wrapped neatly into a flavor-packed, beautifully balanced package. It begins with a cerebral rush, bringing with it motivation and heightened focus, so enjoy this through any jam-packed schedule. As the high builds you fall into an ultra-relaxed state, leaving you feeling hazy and totally calm. This numbing sensation will find you pain-free and ready for any task.

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